Saturday, December 31, 2011

Higher Education In India Needs Reforms

The present administrative and regulatory framework for education in India has served it purpose and we need to amend and modify the same. The existing legal frameworks, administrative authorities and educational system of India are based upon archaic notions and parameters. Time has come to give them a new and modern shape and orientation.

The present educational system of India is academic and theoretical in nature. Further, it is also suffering from various evils like corruption, lack of transparency, monopolistic tendencies, lack of accountability, etc. This has resulted in the creation of a poor, untrained and unsuitable workforce in India. Educated students are not getting jobs in governmental sector and private companies of India.

Since there is little or no accountability and transparency, educational institutions of India are least bothered to mend their ways in this regard. They are still managing things and affairs as per their own personal requirements. Unfortunately, the proposed legal frameworks meant to bring educational reforms and quality in Indian education sector have failed to take a start and many important bills are still bills alone with no legal significance.

The only solace has come in the form of information and communication technology (ICT) that has been able to make its own mark in India despite unfavourable business conditions and unreasonable educational laws of India. Virtual campuses in India may be a reality very soon the way online education in India and e-learning in India are taking a shape. Even a national online examination system in India has been proposed.

Higher education in India needs urgent reforms and the call must come from the Indian government itself. For too long we have been sitting upon higher education reforms in India and it is high time to do something serious in this regard.

National On-Line Examination System In India

Online education in India is passing through its initial stage. Although online education has tremendous scope in India yet individuals and institutions are shying away from testing and using the same. This may be because it is a new concept and requires different form of skills, expertise and infrastructure.

Naturally when online education in India is not matured enough we cannot expect much from online examinations in India. There has been a proposal to develop national online examination system in India. This proposal makes sense as the traditional paper oriented manual examination system is time consuming, inefficient, and unfriendly to the environment. Even corruption is wide prevalent in the conventional educational system of India. The online examination system will pave the way for a clean, fair, fast and efficient examination and evaluation process in India.

The system would also allow and specified examination to be conducted from multiple locations spread over the country over multiple slots spread over many days. The system permits the candidate to select the date, time-slot and venue. Being a totally computerised system, the results are ready as soon as the last slot of examination is complete.

Although the proposed system is very ambitious yet it would face many techno legal challenges in India. Both technical and legal issues of online examination system of India must be thoroughly tested before its launch in India. For instance, cyber security of online education system of India and online examination system of India must be put at place before using any such systems. In short, online examination system of India must be field tested before its use at large scale in India.

Once such online education system and online examination system is put at place, it may greatly help in the establishment of virtual campuses in India. The corruption in higher education in India is well known and virtual campuses can eliminate higher educational corruption in India.

Presently, corruption and irregularities are undermining the higher education in India. This is more so regarding the higher legal education in India that is in real mess. If we rely upon the sources that have themselves witnessed this arbitrariness, irregularities and corruption, then it is clear that PhDs in India are dying. The truth is that higher legal education in India needs urgent reforms.

Perry4Law Techno Legal Base (PTLB) strongly recommends formulation of a techno legal framework for online education in India and online examination in India. PTLB is already providing various techno legal e-learning courses in India through its online education platform. The techno legal e-learning in India by PTLB is exclusive in nature as it is the only institution that is providing techno legal online education in India. PTLB is also providing trainings and courses for bar examinations in India and bar entrances in India. PTLB wish that the national online examination system of India be a great success.

Monday, December 26, 2011

Chief Information Officers (CIOs) Training In India

Information and communication technology (ICT) is being used in almost all organisations these days. Whether it is a private company or a government department, ICT is essentially involved in day to day affairs of the same. We are also in the process of adopting use of e-governance in India under the National e-Governance Plan (NEGP) that was launched in May 2006

With the proposed Electronic Delivery of Services Bill (EDS) 2011 of India, an enhanced focus is given to citizen centricity, service orientation and transparency through e-governance projects. E-delivery of services India would further bring transparency, accountability, fairness and lack of corruption.

If India is considering such an ambitious project, it is obvious that skilled workforce is also required to manage the same. Cyber skills development in India would be required to manage the e-delivery of services in India.

Recently a framework for citizens’ engagement and participation in NEGP was suggested. This is a good step if actually implemented in India. Citizen’s participation in governmental projects can provide the best possible and most suitable results for delivery of public services in India. Similarly, Public private partnerships (PPP) in India now allow a wider participation of private sector in governmental functioning. In fact, crucial fields like internal security and defence sector have been opened up for PPP purposes.

Naturally, specific skills and knowledge are required to drive governmental projects from a concept stage to a full blown implementation and roll-out stage. A deep understanding of factors that result in failure and sustained success of e-governance projects in India is required. Similarly, chief information officer (CIOs) training in India is also required to managed these ambitious projects efficiently.

Perry4Law Techno Legal Base (PTLB) has been providing techno legal trainings in India for various stakeholders including CIOs. PTLB e-learning platform is providing these techno legal trainings in an online environment to maximise the scope and reach of its trainings.

The position of CIOs in private and governmental projects in India is going to be very important and remunerative. Interested stakeholders and professionals must undertake suitable trainings in this regard so that various posts and openings are available to them when opened.

Sunday, December 25, 2011

Ethical Hacking Training Institutes In India

The tussle between black hat and white hat hackers has been going on for long. The main focus of white hat community is to defend against cyber crimes and cyber attacks committed by black hat hackers and cyber criminals.

Of late, India has acknowledged the need for a white hat hacking community that can defend Indian cyberspace from external cyber attacks. The ethical hacking community has emerged from this need to protect a country’s cyberspace.

There are very few ethical hacking training providers in India. Further, ethical hacking training must have some core principles that must be kept in mind while imparting the same. Similarly cyber security courses in India must also have certain core essential principles that must be integrated into the course contents.

Perry4Law Techno Legal Base (PTLB) is the exclusive techno legal ethical hacking trainings and course provider in India. PTLB e-learning platform is providing many techno legal e-learning courses in India. This includes ethical hacking training and courses as well. Further, PTLB is also managing the exclusive techno legal ethical hacking software and tools repository of India.

Ethical hacking trainings and courses in India must be developed so that we may have a cyber skilled workforce that can thwart the cyber attacks against India. Ethical hacking skills development in India is also required so that ethical hackers of India can match the expertise of their counterparts in other countries.

Presently, black hat hackers and cyber criminals are winning the war against white hat hackers. Even the national governments are finding themselves in tight spots and helpless while dealing with such sophisticated cyber criminals. The only option seems to be to ensure cyber skills development in India.

Further, Indian defense and offense against cyber warfare has to be developed. The task is not easy and government alone cannot achieve this task. Public private partnerships (PPP) on cyber security in India must be given more importance in India. Presently, PPP in India in the field of cyber security is in infancy stage.

Similarly, there are little international cooperation between India and foreign players regarding cyber security. International cyber security cooperation is needed to deal with multiple jurisdiction cyber crimes and cyber attacks. At PTLB we keep in mind all these aspects while imparting ethical hacking trainings and courses.

Ethical Hacking Training Providers In India

Cyber threats are constantly increasing against India. Whether it is cyber crimes investigation, cyber espionage investigation or an offensive response against cyber warfare, India needs to be prepared on all fronts. Indian defense and security against cyber warfare also needs to be upgraded so that India can counter cyber warfare and cyber terrorism attacks appropriately.

Skills development in India is required as we are stressing more upon academic education that is devoid of practical skills and knowledge. In order to achieve this task, cyber skills development in India is urgently required.

Skills development in India is an area that requires top priority of Indian government. Further, technical education skill development in India also needs to be taken care of. virtual campuses can be a big help in streamlining professional, vocational and skills development in India. A cyber skilled workforce of India needs to be developed. Even cyber law skills developments in India are required to meet growing cyber crimes.

Ethical hacking trainings and courses in India must be developed so that we may have a cyber skilled workforce that can thwart the cyber attacks against India. Ethical hacking skills development in India is also required so that ethical hackers of India can match the expertise of their counterparts in other countries.

India’s exclusive techno legal ICT and IP law firm Perry4Law has been managing many world renowned techno legal segments. Perry4Law Techno Legal Base (PTLB), Perry4Law Techno Legal ICT Training Centre (PTLITC), etc are few of them. PTLB e-learning platform is providing many techno legal e-learning courses in India. This includes ethical hacking training and courses as well. Further, PTLB is also managing the exclusive techno legal ethical hacking software and tools repository of India.

Ethical hacking training providers must stress more upon practical and contemporary skills requirement than stressing upon theoretical courses. In the long run it is more beneficial to gain practical knowledge with no diplomas and degrees than to have many diplomas and degrees with no practical knowledge and skills.

There is an urgent need to make a shift from the present educational system of India that is defective in many aspects. Further, private ethical hacking training providers in India can platy a conclusive role in this regard by providing practical trainings and skills developing courses.

Saturday, November 19, 2011

Ethical Hacking Software And Tool Repository Of India

Any individual, organisation or nation that wishes to have ethical hacking capabilities must have the software, hardware and skills components. In fact, it is the combination of software, hardware and skills alone that can fight the growing nuisances of cyber crimes and cyber attacks.

Ethical hacking training and courses in India are at the infancy stage. There are very few organisations that are providing ethical hacking skills development in India. Perry4Law Techno Legal Base (PTLB), the premier techno legal segment of Perry4Law, is one such institution that is developing ethical hacking skills development in India.

In fact, PTLB is the exclusive techno legal ethical hacking skills development, education, training and course provider in India and world wide. At PTLB we take care of both technical and legal aspects of ethical hacking. These courses, trainings and skills development can be availed in an online environment through the PTLB e-learning portal.

PTLB is also managing the exclusive techno legal ethical hacking software and tools repository of India. Various open source cyber security, ethical hacking and cyber forensics software and tools are the essential part of the first and exclusive techno legal ethical hacking software repository of India.

Some of these tools and software are also used while imparting the ethical hacking skills development, trainings, courses and education to various stakeholders. At PTLB the main focus is upon developing techno legal practical skills and mere academic education is not our motto.

This ethical hacking software and tools repository of India is updated by PTLB on a regular basis and we keep on analysing these tools in changing and updating environments. We also combine these software with other disciplines to provide a better insight and highly specialised cyber security, cyber forensics and ethical hacking training, research and development environment. We hope this ethical hacking software repository would prove useful to all concerned.

Ethical Hacking Training And Courses In India

Hacking has become a big nuisance these days. Further cyber attacks have further complicated the cyberspace equilibrium. Internet is a very valuable utility and facility. However, cyber criminals have invaded the same and cyber crimes are frequently committed and cyber attacks are regularly launched against individuals, organisations and nations.

These cyber threats are increasing at an alarming rate. In fact, the sophistication of these cyber attacks and cyber crimes has increased so much that many nations are finding it difficult to fight them.

To fight against these cyber threats, we need a good cyber security policy and a pool of ethical hackers and cyber security experts who can use both preventive and offensive cyber capabilities. Obviously, the importance of developing good cyber capabilities cannot be undermined.

There are very few institutions in India that are assisting in the cyber skills development. Further, when it comes to techno legal ethical hacking skills development, trainings, education and courses, there is a single institution/centre that is providing these education and courses.

India’s exclusive techno legal ICT and IP law firm Perry4Law has been managing many world renowned techno legal segments. Perry4Law Techno Legal Base (PTLB), Perry4Law Techno Legal ICT Training Centre (PTLITC), etc are few of them.

PTLB is providing world renowned education, training, courses and skills development in areas like cyber law, cyber security, cyber forensics, ethical hacking, etc. PTLITC, on the other hand, is managing domain specific and highly specialised education, courses, skills development etc in fields like cyber law, cyber security, cyber forensics, ethical hacking, etc.

All these courses and many more techno legal courses of Perry4Law, PTLB and PTLITC are provided by the online educational platform of Perry4Law known as PTLB e-learning platform. Individuals, organisations, governments and other stakeholders can get themselves enrolled to these techno legal courses.

Thursday, November 17, 2011

Indian Defense And Security Against Cyber Warfare

Of late, India is increasingly targeted for cyber espionage, cyber warfare, cyber terrorism and many similar cyber attacks. Indian response to the same remained lukewarm. Obviously the news of sophisticated Malware targeting Indian critical infrastructure is no big surprise.

For instance, some claim that Stuxnet Malware was responsible for the destruction of an Indian broadcasting satellite. Similarly the Duqu Malware used the command and control servers located in India. The latest being that the servers of National Informatics Centre (NIC) of India were compromised and used for launching cyber attacks upon other nations.

In this background India must analyse its cyber skills and capabilities. Is India ready for cyber warfare, cyber terrorism, cyber espionage, cyber attacks, etc? We have still not formulated any cyber warfare policy of India. In fact, cyber security in India is an ignored world. Even there is no cyberspace crisis management plan of India that is actually implemented at the national level.

At the legal framework level as well India is lagging far behind. We have no dedicated legal framework for cyber security in India. Even the cyber law of India needs many suitable amendments as it has become outdated.

These issues require political will to resolve and presently that seems to be missing. Although Kapil Sibal is doing a great job yet he seems to be overburdened with many responsibilities. This is resulted in sidelining of cyber law and cyber security issues.

Now Kapil Sibal has given positive hints about these issues, things may change in the near future. But till then Indian cyberspace is vulnerable to all sorts of cyber attacks.

India is not at all ready to tackle cyber warfare, cyber terrorism, cyber espionage, etc with the present framework of mind and cyber capabilities. Indian defense and security against cyber warfare is missing and the same needs to be strengthened as soon as possible.

Tuesday, October 18, 2011

Virtual Campuses Are The Solution To Corrupt Higher Education In India

All of you must remember Jaspal Bhatti’s flop show and the episode pertaining to PhD. The episode explained how PhD researchers in India are exploited by their supervisors in cash and kind. That was a classical comedy that portrayed the corrupt higher educational system of India.

Years have passed but the bitter truth still prevails in India. Although HRD minister Kapil Sibal is doing great to improve and strengthen the dying educational system of India yet PhDs in India are still facing the menace of corruption.

Recently, e-mails were also sent to both Kapil Sibal and Salman Khurshid to bring to their notice the deteriorating conditions of higher legal education in India. The truth is that higher legal education in India needs urgent reforms.

Higher education in India is suffering from many deficiencies and irregularities. These include lack of practical training, academic nature of education, absence of skills development, corruption, lack of research capabilities, etc.

Universities and colleges are engaging in all sorts of undesirable behaviours and practices and this is affecting the higher education and research oriented courses like PhDs. Indian government is also not very much enthusiastic in curing these deficiencies and eliminating the irregularities.

The lack of transparency and prevalent corruption is eating up the higher education system of India and it can be cured if we allow foreign educational institutions to open their centers in India. This way not only the monopoly of Indian colleges and institutions can be eliminated but better and qualitative education can be made available to Indian students.

Further, this would also force the Indian educational institutions and colleges to focus and stress upon quality rather than upon corrupt practices and exploitation. We need more virtual campuses as well so that Indian students can have qualitative education through e-learning and distance learning method.

At Perry4Law Techno Legal Base (PTLB) we are trying to bridge this qualitative gap in a corruption free environment through its Online Skills Development and Training platform. PTLB is managing the exclusive techno legal e-learning and virtual legal education campus of India and world wide. It also provides many other qualitative and highly specialised courses through its virtual campus that would remain a dream through traditional Indian educational institutions. We hope this initiative of ours would be beneficial for all the stakeholders.

Friday, October 14, 2011

Higher Legal Education In India Needs Reforms

There is no second opinion about the fact that legal education in India needs urgent reforms. This is more so regarding higher legal education in India that is in really bad shape. Despite many suggested measures, higher legal education in India is still in a very poor state.

This is also the reason why continuing professional legal education in India has failed miserably. Further, this is also the reason why PhDs in India are almost extinct as far as legal education is concerned.

Naturally, higher legal education in India is in doldrums. Vast spread corruption has destabilised the higher education in India. These are serious issues that must be resolved by both the education minister and law minister of India.

Higher legal educational reforms in India must comprise of many essential elements. Transparency to support for higher legal research and education in India are essential components of the same.

These days news of international cooperation in the field of education between India and other nations is in abundance. However, that is just stressing upon the outer shell without curing the diseased inner core of decaying educational system of India.

India needs to urgently take care of the fallacies and deficiencies of its educational system that is not serving any purpose except brain drain. The sooner we do this the better Indian education system would be.

PhDs In India Are Dying

Kapil Sibal and Salman Khurshid are two of the most Important and Learned Politicians of India. If we have to take care of the “Deteriorating Conditions” of Higher Legal Research and Education in India, their “active participation and continuous attention” is a must.

While Kapil Sibal has been working hard in the field of Higher Education Cooperation with United States and other Countries, yet in our own Nation Higher Education Standards are not upto the mark and are prone to various “Corrupt Practices” and “Arbitrary Decision Making”.

Recently, I sent E-Mails to both Kapil Sibal and Salman Khurshid and brought to their notice the deteriorating conditions of Higher Legal Education in India. This is the excerpts/relevant portion of the same.

“I hope this E-Mail would find you in the best your Health and Strength.

Although I can wish a Good Health for You but I am afraid I cannot expect the same from our Dying Educational System, especially our Legal Educational System. I am personally acquainted of this decaying of our Legal Education in India.

Higher Legal Education is a must for Country like India. Being a Pioneer in Legal Fraternity and then as a Productive and Useful Member of Parliament, You are Yourself aware of the importance of Legal Education in India. However, Higher Legal Education in India is in “Doldrums”.

Corruption and Lack of Transparency has eaten up the Good Legal Standards and quality that was once a “Benchmark” of our Legal Education. Whether it is the “Funds” for PhD Candidates or other Financial and Non Financial Facilities, Legal Researchers are finding it really difficult to do PhD except by “Compromising” with Moral and Ethical Standards.

A person like Me, who believes in Transparency and Lack of Corruption, is seldom satisfied with the Legal Education of India. While I would prefer a Foreign University to do my PhD due to these “Irregularities” yet I hope You would not allow this “Negative Precedent” to repeat in the future. I hope You can do a “Great Service” to this Nation by eliminating the “Factors” that are responsible for the deaths of PhD in India”.

If PhD is a “Breeding Ground” for Corrupt Practices and Irregularities, there is no scope for Higher Legal Education in India. I hope the two Learned Ministers would take an immediate and urgent note of this “Precarious Situation”.

Thursday, October 6, 2011

Cyber Warfare Policy Of India Needed

Many concepts in Cyberspace are still not clear especially their Legal Aspects and their Applicability. This is because Cyberspace is a complicated place which is still evolving. One such concept is Cyber Warfare.

Cyber Warfare is a concept that is still not clear. Some believe that there is nothing like Cyber Warfare as there is no involvement of traditional military actions. Others believe that Cyber Warfare is a reality of the present time and future wars would be fought in Cyberspace. Whatever the opinion may be but it is clear that Nations have to protect their Critical ICT Infrastructures and Strategic Computers from growing Cyber Attacks.

Cyber Warfare and Cyber Terrorism are issues that cannot be taken lightly by any Country. From these threats emerge the necessity of having a robust Cyber Security for Defense Forces in India. These issues are important as they strike at the very root of the Critical ICT Infrastructure Protection in India. However, India is not doing the needful in this regard. Cyber War Capabilities should be an Integral Part of Indian National Defense and Security.

India needs a sophisticated and robust Technological Command Centre to defend its global network of computer systems. It must develop both offensive and defensive capabilities under one roof. Strategic information and tactical inputs are essential part of modern warfare that can be lost or gained through Cyber War methods. There is no doubt that India needs good Cyber War Capabilities to meet the growing threats of Cyber Warfare.

Malware are posing significant threat to India yet there is no attention towards Cyber Security in India. For instance, we need Express Legal Provisions and Specified Policies to deal with issues like Denial of Service (DOS), Distributed Denial of Services (DDOS), Bots, Botnets, Trojans, Backdoors, Viruses and Worms, Sniffers, SQL Injections, Buffer Overflows Exploits, etc. Till now India has done nothing in this crucial direction and we are still waiting for the Cyber Security Policy and Strategy of India. Obviously, we have no Cyber Warfare Policy of India as well. Even the Cyber Law of India is weak and ineffective and deserves to be repealed.

The biggest hurdle before curbing Cyber Warfare Threats at the International level is Lack of Harmonisation in this regard. Till now we have no “Internationally Acceptable Definition” of Cyber Warfare. Further, we have no Universally Acceptable Cyber Crimes Treaty as well. There is also no International Cyber Security Treaty. India is not a part of any International Treaty or Conventions regarding Cyber Crimes, Cyber Security, etc.

We cannot have a Cyber Terrorism Policy in India till we have a Cyber Crimes Policy in India, Cyber Security Policy in India other similar Policies. Indian Government must urgently work in this crucial direction as it is the most urgent need of the hour.

Monday, October 3, 2011

Continuing Professional Legal Education In India

Legal education in India is undergoing a transformation. Legal educational and training institutions have realised the importance of practical trainings and professional courses. Even technology has been used in India to provide online legal education and trainings.

However, the growth of legal education is not as per the desired standards and goals. One of the areas that has been neglected in India for long pertains to continuing legal education (CLE). Continuing legal education in India is need of the hour and is urgently required.

Further, the legal and judicial fraternity of India needs scientific knowledge. The Indian legal and judicial systems must be well aware of both technological as well as legal aspects. Essentially it means the legal and judicial systems of India must be techno legal in nature.

For instance we must have techno legal lifelong learning in India, techno legal skills development in India, techno legal e-learning in India, etc. At Perry4Law Techno Legal Base (PTLB) we are managing the exclusive techno legal institute for legal lifelong learning in India and techno legal continuing legal education institute of India.

PTLB is also the exclusive techno legal training provider in India that is providing professional online lawyers’ trainings in India and Asia. PTLB is also one of the best legal trainings providers in India and Asia.

Legal educational and teaching institutions in India must change the manner of their education imparting. It is high time to make a shift from mere academic degrees to professional and practical educations and trainings. If India wishes to convert its educated masses into skills and employable workforce this change has to be adopted as soon as possible.

Tuesday, September 27, 2011

Cyber Attacks Are Affecting Indian Critical Infrastructure

These days information and communication technology (ICT) has become an indispensable part of our day to day life. Many critical infrastructures have now been connected with ICT in one form or another.

This is the reason why we need to ensure critical infrastructure protection in India and critical ICT infrastructure protection in India. We also need to strengthen the cyber security of India and the best way to do so is to formulate the national cyber security policy of India.

Cyber attacks and cyber threat are increasing against India. However, cyber security in India is not up to the mark and is ailing badly. There are many factors for the poor performance of Indian cyber security and lack of adequate expertise is one of them.

Whether it is strategic government department’s computers or critical infrastructure, all of them are under constant cyber attack risks. Take the example of the recent cyber security incidence that has affected the Indira Gandhi International Airport (IGIA) security systems.

Three months ago, a ‘technical snag’ had hit operations at the state-of-the-art T3 terminal at IGIA. It now turns out it was caused by a “malicious code” sent from a remote location to breach the security at the airport.

A hunt has been launched to nab the perpetrator with the CBI registering a case under the IT Act and IPC. Investigators say that the “malicious code” was in the form of “attack scripts”, which means a programme was written by an expert to exploit the system’s security weakness.

While the efforts of CBI is praiseworthy yet when it comes to timely and appropriate actions, CBI does not score well. For instance, the case of CBI’s website defacement has not been investigated in the manner it was required. Cyber crimes investigations in India need to be improved to make effective investigation and get desired results.

In the present case of IGIA as well the news of the cyber attack has come after three months and this has weakened the case to a great extent. We need timely detection and effective cyber crime investigation capabilities in India to deal with cyber attacks and cyber crimes. Indian government must conduct effective trainings and courses for cyber crimes investigations in India.

Coming to the present case, the check-in counters, transfers counters and boarding gates at the IGI are operated using the Common Use Passengers Processing System (CUPPS), maintained by Aeronautical Radio Incorporated (ARINC). The CUPPS operates on a common software-and-hardware platform that integrates all information such as an airline’s reservation system, the expected time of departure and the capacity at waiting lounges. The problem in CUPPS started at 2.30 am on June 29 due to which check-in counters of all airlines at T3 became non-operational.

“This forced the airlines to opt for manual check-in and as a result passengers had to wait. There are around 172 CUPPS counters and only a third were functioning online,” said an official. The investigation revealed that someone had hacked into the main server of the CUPPS and introduced a virus.

It took nearly 12 hours to restore the system. The CBI was also called in as officials suspected it was a security breach. “We found that there were serious security lapses,” said a CBI official.

The agency had also asked for details of records of CUPPS and staff handling the system. “Once we receive the details, it will be analysed to see if any official is involved. It appears that someone sitting at a remote location had operated the system. We have registered a case under the IT Act and other relevant section of the IPC,” added the CBI official.

Indian critical infrastructures are under strong cyber attacks and we need to take this seriously. In cyber crimes and cyber attacks cases taking months to investigate them means loosing the case. We have to develop real time cyber security capabilities in India to avoid such failures.

Indian Centre For ICT In Parliament

World over parliaments are becoming aware of the benefits of information and communication technology (ICT). India is also following the pursuit. However, the use of ICT by Indian parliament is very limited and traditional in nature.

For instance live telecasting of the proceedings of parliament, maintaining of websites by parliament, etc are some of the examples where ICT has been used by Indian parliament. However, Indian parliament has to cover a long gap before it can be safely called fully ICT compliant.

Parliament is a place where laws are made. If we combine technology with law, the requirement of parliament becomes techno legal in nature. This also means that we need research and training centers for parliament that are techno legal in nature.

At Perry4Law Techno Legal Base (PTLB) and Perry4Law Techno Legal ICT Training Centre (PTLITC) we have established the exclusive techno legal ICT research and training centre for parliament of India. This is the exclusive techno legal Indian centre for ICT in parliament. The centre intends to empower Indian parliament and parliaments of other jurisdictions in a techno legal manner.

PTLB and PTLITC have also started various techno legal e-learning courses, education, research and trainings for staff, employees, committees, committee members, members of parliament, etc. This includes techno legal courses and trainings for legislative drafting, legislative research, legislative education, public legal awareness trainings, etc.

We hope this initiative of PTLB and PTLITC would be beneficial for various stakeholders in general and Indian parliament and other parliaments in particular.

Monday, September 26, 2011

Online Computer Forensics Training Center In India

Computer forensics is a very crucial field these days. With cyber crimes and cyber attacks at rise, need for good and trained computer forensics professionals is very clear. Computer forensics is both preventive and curative in nature. Computer forensics is also very helpful in fighting cyber crimes and ensuring network security in India.

A majority of cyber crimes and cyber attacks can be prevented if we use proper, timely and adequate computer forensics practices. Computer forensics is also an important part of aggressive defence in cyberspace against cyber crimes and cyber attacks. A proactive self defence in cyberspace in India is not possible till we have strong computer forensics capabilities.

India is caught on the wrong foot of cyber anarchy. With a weak cyber law, inadequate cyber security expertise and almost missing cyber forensics capabilities, the things are not moving in the right direction for India. In fact, open letters have been sent in this regard to the government of India but the position remains the same.

Cyber attacks are affecting the critical infrastructure of India. Even the cyber crimes are increasing in India unchecked and at an alarming rate. In the absence of adequate qualified cyber forensics professionals, the backlog of cyber forensics assignments is increasing fast. This is also resulting in almost no conviction rate of cyber criminals in India.

At Perry4Law Techno Legal Base (PTLB) we have been working to develop computer forensics research, education and training capabilities of Indian and world wide stakeholders.

PTLB is also managing the exclusive techno legal cyber forensics repository in India. This cyber forensics repository carries the best available open source cyber forensics tools and software that can acquire accurate, reliable, valuable and admissible digital evidence.

A computer forensics toolkit by PTLB has also been developed for the law enforcement agencies of India. The toolkit carries small, effective and open source tools and software that can help the law enforcement agencies of India to do basic level computer forensics tasks.

For those interested in online computer forensics courses, education and training in India and abroad, they can avail our courses and trainings at the PTLB e-learning website. All the requirements and formalities have been prescribed at that platform. This is the exclusive techno legal online computer forensics training centre of India and world wide and any person residing in any part of the world can enroll for its courses, education and trainings. We hope various stakeholders would find the computer forensics courses, education and trainings of PTLB useful and effective.

Cyber Forensics Toolkit By PTLB For Police Force Of India

Cyber crimes investigation is a tedious task. Even more difficult is the extraction of digital evidence. The toughest of them all is the presentation of the acquired digital evidence in a manner that is admissible in a court of law.

Law enforcement agencies around the world are struggling to deal with the first challenge as mentioned above, i.e. cyber crimes investigation. It is only after knowing about cyber laws and cyber crimes that law enforcement agencies can move towards cyber crimes investigation.

Therefore, law enforcement agencies of India must undertake good techno legal cyber crimes investigation trainings. Further, law enforcement agencies of India must also develop cyber crimes investigation capabilities.

Once the cyber crimes investigation capabilities are developed by law enforcement agencies, the next step is to acquire digital evidence. Investigation of cyber crimes, use of digital evidence and lawful search and seizure of computers is very essential for law enforcement agencies.

Perry4Law Techno Legal Base (PTLB) manages the exclusive techno legal digital evidencing and e-discovery centre of India. Further, PTLB also manages the exclusive techno legal cyber forensics research, education and training centre of India.

PTLB is also managing the exclusive techno legal cyber forensics repository in India. This cyber forensics repository carries the best available open source cyber forensics tools and software that can acquire accurate, reliable, valuable and admissible digital evidence.

The present technological environment requires the law enforcement agencies to be vigil and mobile. They cannot take all sorts of digital evidence to forensics labs. They have to do some sort of cyber forensics exercise on the site itself.

PTLB has developed a “cyber forensics toolkit” that comprises of basic level cyber forensics utilities, tools and software. With the help of this toolkit, law enforcement agencies of India can do the basic level cyber forensics exercise on the spot.

The toolkit is not a full fledged cyber forensics arsenal but a collection of small but effective software that can help law enforcement agencies of India to do basic level cyber forensics works. For full fledged cyber forensics analysis, they have still to use different tools than those provided in the basic level cyber forensics toolkit of PTLB.

PTLB is also developing a techno legal cyber forensics toolkit in India for law enforcement agencies, intelligence agencies, security agencies, corporate cyber forensics units, chief information officers (CIOs), first responders, etc. This toolkit would be released by PTLB after few months. We hope all the stakeholders would find these toolkits useful.

Cyber Crimes Investigation Training In India

Modernisation of police force of India requires not only basic knowledge of information and communication technology (ICT) but also practical trainings in the areas like cyber law, cyber crimes investigation, cyber forensics, etc.

Cyber crimes investigation capabilities in India are not up to the standards. Law enforcement agencies of India need to develop good techno legal cyber skills to improve their investigative capabilities.

Police must also ensure cyber law skills development. Similarly, police in India also need to undertake cyber frauds detection trainings so that cyber frauds can be anticipated even before they are committed.

Perry4Law Techno Legal Base (PTLB) is providing many techno legal courses and trainings for police force of India. These include cyber crime investigation trainings, cyber forensics trainings, cyber security trainings, cyber fraud detection trainings, etc.

Techno legal e-learning in India by PTLB also provides many more courses and trainings. These are basic level techno legal courses that have been specially customised to the requirements of Indian police.

With increasing cyber crimes, Indian police need to develop sufficient capabilities so that cyber crimes can be punished adequately in India. Presently, most of the police stations and police officers find it difficult to deal with cyber law and cyber crimes related cases.

We need a trained cyber police force in India. The present cyber crimes police cells of India are not competent enough to deal with growing cyber crimes in India. Law enforcement in India needs to have techno legal trainings to deal with these cyber crimes. Further, police also need to undergo courses in cyber crimes investigation in India so that they can sharpen their cyber skills.

With more and more stress upon modernisation of police force in India and developing their cyber capabilities, these issues of lack of cyber skills would be resolved very soon.

Cyber Security Skills Development In India

Cyber security knowledge and expertise has become an absolute necessity these days. Whether it is government departments or private companies or home users, cyber security is now an indispensable necessity.

However, good cyber security skills and expertise are rare to find. In order to solve the cyber security problems of India, cyber skills developments in India are urgently required. We have to stress upon practical and effective cyber security courses in India and cyber security training in India.

However, mere academic cyber security education would not serve the purpose. There are certain essentials of cyber security education in India that must be fulfilled before cyber security courses and trainings can be effective.

The first and foremost requirement is that cyber security research, education and training must be techno legal in nature. We must concentrate upon techno legal education and skill development in India rather than either technical or legal education.

At Perry4Law and Perry4Law Techno Legal Base (PTLB) we are trying to fill this gap. We are maintaining the exclusive techno legal cyber security research, education and training centre of India (CSRTCI). Further, techno legal e-learning courses, education and trainings by PTLB are also provided by us.

If India wishes to protect its critical infrastructure and cyberspace, developing good techno legal capabilities is need of the hour. For the time being that seems to have been ignored but things are moving in the right direction.

We hope very soon we have a techno legal cyber security work force in India that would be capable of dealing the most sophisticated cyber attack of the world.

Thursday, September 22, 2011

ICT Research And Training Institutions In India

Information and communication technology (ICT) demands an expertise to handle issues related to it. In order to develop this expertise, we need good ICT research and training centers in India and abroad.

For instance, areas like cyber law, cyber security, cyber forensics, e-governance, e-commerce, e-courts, etc require domain specific expertise that only selective few can provide.

Even those occupying high posts in government and private sectors are not very comfortable with ICT issues except to the limited extent of working the basic level computers works.

In these circumstances, we need good techno legal ICT research and training institutions in India. These ICT institutions in India must be techno legal in nature that can manage both technical as well as legal issues.

At Perry4Law Techno Legal Base (PTLB) we have opened many techno legal ICT research, training and education centers. PTLB manages the exclusive techno legal research, education and training centers in the fields like cyber law, cyber security, cyber forensics, e-courts, digital evidencing, online dispute resolution (ODR), human rights protection in cyberspace, techno legal skills development, techno legal e-learning, etc.

Perry4Law Techno Legal ICT Training Centre (PTLITC) is providing highly specialised and domain expertise based techno legal research, education and trainings in India and world wide. PTLITC is also the exclusive techno legal ICT research and training institution of India and world wide.

Perry4Law, PTLB and PTLITC are planning to expand their techno legal research, training and education initiatives. We would come up with the updated information in this regard very soon.

Tuesday, September 20, 2011

Courses On Investigation Of Cyber Crime Cases In India

Cyber crimes in India are growing at a rapid rate whereas investigation of cyber crimes in India is not up to the mark. Whether it is police force, lawyers or judges, there is a general lack of awareness and knowledge about cyber law, cyber crimes and cyber forensics.

Cyber crime investigation in India cannot be effective till police is aware of the cyber law and how cyber crimes are committed. Once the basic level knowledge and modus operendi of cyber crimes are clear to police force of India, the next step is to develop cyber forensics capabilities so that these cyber crimes can be solved. This is also the need of the hour of modernisation of police force of India.

Presently, Indian police force lacks the cyber crime investigation capabilities. Even the cyber crime cells of India lack expertise in fields like cyber law and cyber crimes. The truth is that police in India needs urgent cyber law training and a trained cyber police force of India is urgently needed.

Police in India urgently needs good techno legal trainings in the fields like cyber law, cyber forensics, digital evidencing, etc. Perry4Law Techno Legal Base (PTLB) has been providing techno legal trainings to police officers for long. PTLB is also providing the exclusive techno legal e-learning in India for police force and other stakeholders like lawyers, judges, public prosecutors, etc.

To improve the cyber crimes investigation skills of police officers of India as well as to help in the successful prosecution and punishment of the cyber criminals, Perry4Law and PTLB are also imparting exclusive online techno legal trainings in the fields like cyber law, cyber forensics, digital evidencing and much such other training.

PTLB provides all these and many more techno legal e-learning courses in India and world wide. A prototype of the techno legal e-learning courses of PTLB is available to have an idea about the basic level techno legal courses of PTLB (PDF).

Since this initiative of PTLB is an online initiative, students and professionals from any part of the world can get themselves enrolled. The application form (Doc) for getting enrolled to various courses of PTLB is also available online. Interested stakeholders can contact us in this regard.

ICT Research And Training Centres In India

Information and communication technology (ICT) is a specialised field that requires good working knowledge and expertise. ICT covers many areas like ICT legal framework, cyber security, cyber forensics, e-learning, e-commerce, e-governance, electronic services delivery, digital preservation, etc.

Further, ICT is no more technological in nature these days. Today ICT has to take care of both technical as well as legal issues. For instance, fields like cyber law, cyber forensics, digital evidencing, video conferencing for judicial purposes, e-courts, etc are essentially techno legal in nature.

World over ICT research and training is in infancy stage. However, developed countries are better situated than developing countries like India in this regard. In order to compete and defeat these developed countries, India needs to establish good and effective techno legal ICT research and training institutions and centers.

At Perry4Law Techno Legal Base (PTLB) we have opened many techno legal ICT research, training and education centers. PTLB manages the exclusive techno legal research, education and training centers in the fields like cyber law, cyber security, cyber forensics, e-courts, digital evidencing, online dispute resolution (ODR), human rights protection in cyberspace, techno legal skills development, techno legal e-learning, etc.

Perry4Law Techno Legal ICT Training Centre (PTLITC) is providing highly specialised and domain expertise based techno legal research, education and trainings in India and world wide. PTLITC is also the exclusive techno legal ICT research and training institution of India and world wide.

PTLB/PTLITC provides all these and many more techno legal e-learning courses in India and world wide. A prototype of the techno legal e-learning courses of PTLB is available to have an idea about the basic level techno legal courses of PTLB (PDF).

Since this initiative of PTLB is an online initiative, students and professionals from any part of the world can get themselves enrolled. The application form (Doc) for getting enrolled to various courses of PTLB is also available online.

PTLB intends to widen its research, education and training activities and with the active use of e-learning and online learning methodologies, the same would be achieved very soon.

Monday, September 19, 2011

Cyber Forensics Training And Education Institutions In India

Information and communication technology (ICT) has impacted to a great extent the legal systems world over. Technological laws were required to be formulated from time to time to deal with technology related deviant behaviours.

Deviant behaviours in cyberspace can be in the form of cyber crimes and cyber contraventions. Cyber laws have been formulated to deal with cyber crimes and cyber contraventions. However, solving these cyber crimes require good techno legal skills that are presently missing world over, including India.

Cyber crime investigation in India is suffering from this lack of cyber skills, including cyber law and cyber forensics skills. Cyber crime investigation capabilities in India are required to be developed. In fact, cyber police reforms in India are urgently required.

Although cyber forensics laws in India are still to be enacted yet there is no escape from the same in the near future. One can imagine the difficulties that our lawyers, judges and police officers would face once such techno legal laws are enacted in India.

Techno legal skills developments in India are urgently required to meet the challenging requirements of future. When our law enforcement agencies are shying away from dealing with basic level cyber crimes, dealing with highly sophisticated cyber forensics cases would be expecting too much from them.

The foundation of such techno legal skills development must be laid down right now. At Perry4Law Techno Legal Base (PTLB) we are working towards this direction for the past five years. PTLB is managing the exclusive techno legal cyber forensics research, education and training institution/centre of India and world wide.

The basic level cyber forensics courses and trainings of PTLB covers areas like internet protocol address tracking (IP tracking), e-mail tracking, data recovery, process evaluation, etc. Perry4Law Techno Legal ICT Training Centre (PTLITC) provides exclusive techno legal training and courses for highly specialised and domain expertise based courses and training for cyber law, cyber security, cyber forensics, digital evidencing, etc.

These techno legal e-learning courses of PTLB/PTLITC are meant for stakeholders like police officers, lawyers, judges, corporate executives, first responders, CEOs, etc. Interested stakeholders may contact us in this regard.

Sunday, September 18, 2011

Public Legal Awareness Training In India

Public legal awareness is a very important part of legal enablement of citizens of a nation. Information and communication technology (ICT) can play a decisive role in achieving this task of public legal awareness. ICT can benefit both legal and judicial system of any nation. It can also help in strengthening the public legal awareness through developing better legal research skills.

The public legal awareness is not effective till it can accommodate both technological as well as legal aspects. In other words, public legal awareness must be techno legal in nature. At Perry4Law Techno Legal Base (PTLB) we provide techno legal public legal awareness training, education and courses in India and world wide.

PTLB provides the exclusive techno legal e-learning courses in India. PTLB also provides e-learning for lawyers in India and world wide. To streamline all the techno legal courses, trainings and education of PTLB, we have opened a techno legal e-learning platform that is coordinating all these activities.

Public legal awareness trainings are very essential for developing countries, countries in transition, countries at war or rebellion, etc as these countries had limited chances to develop their legal and judicial systems. Public legal awareness can fill this gap by improving the access to justice in such countries. Public legal awareness trainings of PTLB aim at providing targeted legal courses for individual capacity development in the formal and informal justice systems and in such countries.

If any institution or individual is interested in the public legal awareness or techno legal trainings of PTLB, it/he may contact us in this regard.

Saturday, September 17, 2011

Cyber Fraud Detection Training In India

Cyber crimes have become omnipresent these days. An individual or company cannot exclude the possibility of occurrence of some sort of cyber crime or cyber contravention against him/it.

While cyber law takes care of the punishment aspect of cyber crimes yet there is little incentive for individuals or companies to get the accused successfully prosecuted. Their main aim is to safeguard their own financial and property interests.

In today’s world, whether it is the law enforcement agencies or first responders at the corporations, acquiring good cyber skills for cyber fraud detection has become very important.

Whether it is cyber law skill development or cyber forensics skill development, various stakeholders need to upgrade their skills so that cyber crimes and cyber frauds can not only be punished but they can be anticipated even before they happen.

At Perry4Law Techno Legal Base (PTLB) we provide the exclusive techno legal cyber fraud detection training and education in India. PTLB provides basic level techno legal trainings and education and Perry4Law Techno Legal ICT Training Centre (PTLITC) takes care of the highly specialised and domain specific techno legal trainings of Perry4Law in India and worldwide.

At PTLB e-learning platform various techno legal e-learning courses of PTLB are available to have an idea about the basic level techno legal courses of PTLB (PDF). Since this initiative of PTLB is an online initiative, students and professionals from any part of the world can get themselves enrolled. The application form (Doc) for getting enrolled to various courses of PTLB is also available online.

We hope the cyber frauds detection training and educational courses of PTLB would be beneficial for all concerned.

Cyber Forensics Training In India

Cyber forensics in India is one area that requires lots of attention from all stakeholders. Cyber forensics or computer forensics has not yet become popular in India in the absence of sufficient and qualitative cyber forensics training and education institutions in India.

Computer forensics training in India and computer forensics courses in India are still rare. At Perry4Law Techno Legal Base (PTLB) we provide the exclusive techno legal cyber forensics training in India.

Cyber forensics trainings are required to be undertaken by police officers, public prosecutors, lawyers, judges, etc in India. Initially, the basic level cyber forensics training is enough that can subsequently be enhanced to more specialised training.

PTLB provides basic level techno legal trainings and education and Perry4Law Techno Legal ICT Training Centre (PTLITC) takes care of the highly specialised and domain specific techno legal trainings of Perry4Law in India and worldwide.

The basic level course covers areas like internet protocol address tracking (IP tracing), e-mail tracing, data recovery, process evaluation, digital evidencing, evidentiary issues, etc.

The PTLB e-learning platform of the techno legal e-learning courses of PTLB is available to have an idea about the basic level techno legal courses of PTLB (PDF).

Since this initiative of PTLB is an online initiative, students and professionals from any part of the world can get themselves enrolled. The application form (Doc) for getting enrolled to various courses of PTLB is also available online.

We hope the cyber forensics training courses of PTLB would be beneficial for all concerned.

Legal E-Learning In India By PTLB

E-learning in India is increasingly explored as an alternative method to learn technical and specialised courses. However, e-learning in India has yet to pickup the pace as has happened in case of other countries. E-learning education has many distinct advantages that traditional colleges and educational institutions fail to provide.

At Perry4Law Techno Legal Base (PTLB) we provide exclusive techno legal e-learning education, courses, trainings, etc. Techno legal e-learning in India by PTLB has the unique advantage that it combines both technical as well as legal knowledge that very few in the world are doing.

A prototype of the techno legal e-learning courses of PTLB is available to have an idea about the basic level techno legal courses of PTLB (PDF). Since this initiative of PTLB is an online initiative, students and professionals from any part of the world can get themselves enrolled.

The application form (Doc) for getting enrolled to various courses of PTLB is also available online. PTLB also provides e-learning for lawyers in India. Legal training in India is yet to pick pace but hints of the same are now apparent. PTLB is also the exclusive techno legal training providers in India. Further, PTLB also has the privilege of providing the exclusive techno legal lifelong learning in India and continuing legal education in India (CLE in India).

For those interested in highly specialised, domain specific and advanced courses, education and trainings, Perry4Law Techno Legal ICT Training Centre (PTLITC) provides highly specialised and domain specific techno legal trainings in various fields.

Some of the areas of training and education by PTLB and PTLITC include cyber law, cyber forensics, cyber security, anti cyber warfare, anti cyber terrorism, anti cyber espionage, national intelligence grid (Natgrid), cyber crimes investigation, crime and criminals tracking and network system (CCTNS), e-courts, digital evidencing, electronic evidencing, e-discovery, cyber due diligence, techno legal banking, etc.

The stakeholders who can be benefited from the trainings and education of PTLB and PTLITC are law students, lawyers, judges, police officers, corporate executives, CEOs, banks, financial institutions, governmental employees, executive, legislature, judiciary, judicial staffs, court staffs, law professors, faculty development institutions, international organisations like WTO, WIPO, UNCITRAL, etc.

We hope the techno legal education, trainings and courses of PTLB and PTLITC would be beneficial for all the stakeholders. Interested students, professionals and institutions may contact us in this regard.

Wednesday, September 7, 2011

E-Learning For Lawyers In India

Skills development in India is still not a priority area in India as educational and training institutions are still adopting the academic model. Instead of focusing upon practical trainings, too much emphasis is given to academic studies only.

Although traditional educational institutions and universities are hindered with lack of expertise and will to use new and innovative methods like e-learning and online learning yet private educational and training institutions are adopting technological methods to a great extent. Thus, online skill development in India is going to be the future of education and training.

One area that requires urgent reform is the legal education of India. Legal training in India is not up to the mark as there are very few qualitative legal training providers in India. Further, concepts like legal lifelong learning in India and continuing legal education in India (CLE in India) are still evolving. There are hardly any online lawyers and judges training and education centre in India. In short, we need institutions and centre that can provide qualitative legal education and training in India.

At Perry4Law Techno Legal Base (PTLB) we provide highly specialised online techno legal research, education and training world wide. PTLB provides professional online lawyers training in India, Asia and other places.

PTLB is also the exclusive techno legal training provider of the world that is providing research, education and training through e-learning and online education platform. PTLB is also providing techno legal skills development education and courses for stakeholders like lawyers, judges, police officers, public prosecutors, law graduates, corporate executives, law professors, faculty teachers, etc.

We are striving towards making e-learning for lawyers in India a reality. Let us hope our e-learning initiatives for lawyers in India would be useful for all concerned.